Sinagogue of Florenc e

In 1872 David Levi, donated enough money to build a synagogue "worthy of Florence".    The Florence temple was constructed and assigned to architects Marco Treves, Mariano Falcini and Vincenzo Micheli which lasted eight years, between 1874 and 1882.     Because the Florentine Jews were Sephardic, the design of their synagogue recalls the Muslim art of Moorish Spain.    It was dedicated October 24, 1882.


It seems that Treves, a Jew, was the main spirit behind it; the others were perhaps only Paradegoyim, "goys for show," to use a Viennese expression. 


All the internal walls were decorated between 1882 and 1890 by a local painter: Giovanni Panti, who made use of gold-plating to highlight the Moorish designs.



The synagogue has successfully withstood wars, barbarism and floods.   The Germans tried to blow up the structure during WWII, but the main building withstood their efforts.   Bayonet marks are still visible on the doors of the Holy Ark which the Nazis used as a warehouse and stable.    When the fascists were driven out of Florence they mined the synagogue with explosives before they left.            


Fortunately, the partisans were able to diffuse most of the bombs so that only one gallery fell and could be replaced.


On the second floor is the Jewish Museum of Florence, and outside of the synagogue, there is a stone monument  with the names of 248 Jewish deportees engraved on the face.


History of the building


The Florence synagogue was built after years of discussion about its location. The community wanted to build it as close to the center as possible, in order to signify what it saw as the important role Jews played in the new, unified Italy which had guaranteed them full civil rights.   In the event, the temple was built a little off the old city center.    A gift of land and money by congregant David Levi was too good to refuse.    Still, the large dome of the Tempio israelitico is a prominent feature of the Florence landscape.    The vaguely oriental shape of the dome supplanted an original typicaly neo-renaissance design.    This and all the other Moorish features of the temple were virtually imposed on the architects by the professors of the Florentine Academy.



Via L. C. Farini 4
+39.055.2346654; 055.245252
Yosef Levi
Sfardi - Italian
Shacharit - Sunday: None; Tue, Wed & Fri: None; Mon & Thu: None; Rosh Chodesh: 7:00 AM, on Sunday 8:00 AM; Fast day: Exact time not available;
Mincha: None ; Fast day: Exact time not available;
Maariv: None;
Friday Mincha: at candle lighting;
Shabbos - Shacharit: 8:45 AM; Mincha: 15 min. before sunset;
High Holidays - Mincha: Exact time not available; Shacharit: Exact time not available;
Holidays - Mincha: Exact time not available; Shacharit: Exact time not available;


Ladies sit in the reserved area on the right side or in the women's gallery upstairs.

Bags, packs, cameras, videos, etc. are not allowed inside the Synagogue.

Tours are not allowed during services.

Disabled access is available.

For the High Holidays seats can be reserved in advance


 Synagogue in Pitigliano





  Artan Ramaj - Mobile: +39-32895 49342   Home: +39-055 576283  e-mail: