Sinagogue of Campania

The synagogue located in the Palazzo Sessa was inaugurated in 1864 thanks to the influence of Baron Rothschild. In the entrance there are two marble statues; one which remembers the community president Dario Ascarelli who bought the premises for the synagogue in 1910 and the other which commemorates the deportation of Neapolitan Jews during the second world war.

The large conference room has been reopened after restoration work that was carried out in 1992.   The Jewish synagogue in Naples is hidden off of a small courtyard near Piazza dei Martiri. (photo)


The first Jews to settle in Naples are recorded around the 1st century under the Romans, by the year 536 the Neapolitan community was sufficiently sizeable and economically established to fight with the then - resident Goths against the Byzantines. In 1159, when Benjamin of Tudela visited he noted that 500 Neapolitan Jews were living in the city.


In 1288, after Dominicans priests spread anti-Jewish sentiments, the Kingdom of Naples issues an expulsion for the Jews and in 1293 the Jews are forced to convert.  In 1473, the first Jewish press is established in Naples.  In 1492, many Jews that were expelled from Spain came to Naples, King Ferdinand  of Naples  protects the Jews until

in 1495 the French conquer the Kingdom of Naples and oppress the Jews, when in 1510 the Spanish kingdom wins control on the city they expel the Jews, those who want to stay need to pay 300 ducati, in 1535 the price was raised so more Jews had to leave and by 1541 all Jews living in Naples were expelled from the Kingdom of Naples.


In 1735 the Jews are admitted back in Naples, in 1831 a small group of Jews settle in the Maltese Cross Hotel where one of the rooms serves as a synagogue, in 1841 the Rothschild acquire the Villa Pignatelli who according to some accounts serves as the Jewish Center, in 1864 the community rents space in Via Cappella Vecchia, which will become the Community center and in 1867 Rothschild sold the Villa Pignatelli.


Naplesís Jewish community in the 1920ís had almost 1,000 members. Between 1942 and 1943 fifty Jews napoletani, forced and voluntary hosts of a small village of the Inhabitant of Caserta, managed to save theirselves from the deportation of the German ones thanks to the complicity, the civil disobedience, the silence of the inhabitants. After World War II the jewish community numbered between 600 and 700. Today it claims



Via Cappella Vecchia 31, Naples
Sfardi - Italian
Open: Shabbos and Holidays
Opening Hours: Shacharit: Shabbos-Holidays 9:30am


Disabled access is available.


Visiting times by appointment, to reserve call on Monday, Wednesday or Friday between 10 AM - 12 PM.

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